Principled procedures for ethnic studies

Principled procedures are descriptions of the kinds of actions people will use to guide their decisions and interactions based on their beliefs, wisdom of practice, research, and ethical considerations. In this case for the manner in which people want to be treated and to support a sustainable Earth.


  1. Cultivate empathy, community actualization, cultural perpetuity, self-worth, self-determination, and the holistic well-being of all participants, especially Native People and people of color;
  2. Celebrate and honor Native People of the land and communities of color buy providing a space to share their stories of struggle and resistance, along with their intellectual and cultural wealth;
  3. Center and place high value on precolonial, ancestral, indigenous, diaspora, familial, and marginalized knowledge;
  4. Critique empire, white supremacy, anti-Blackness, anti-Indigeneity, racism, xenophobia, patriarchy, cisheteropatriarchy (a system of general-conforming, heterosexual, male power), capitalism, ableism, anthropocentrism (belief that humans are superior to nature), and other forms of power and oppression at the intersections of our society;
  5. Challenge imperialist/colonial, hegemonic beliefs and practices on ideological, institutional, interpersonal, and internalized levels;
  6. Connect ourselves to past and contemporary resistance movement that struggle for social justice on global and local levels to ensure a truer democracy;]and
  7. Conceptualize, imaging, and build new possibilities for post-imperial life that promote collective narratives of transformative resistance, critical hope, and radical healing.


Source California AB2016 Ethnic Studies Model Curriculum


See also ethnic


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Dr. Robert Sweetland's notes
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