Science Measurement K-5

 Category State Standard Measurement­Measurement makes quantitative observations about objects, events, or systems. The goal is to help students use tools of measurement and measurement systems and to achieve understandings of scales and rates. K-12 State Indicator Fact, Concept, Generalization Winnebago Indicator Activity Evaluation Levels kindergarten Observe and measure change. Compare two or more objects using direct comparisons of measurement (e.g., shorter, longer, taller, heavier, and lighter). Use both standard units of measurement (e.g., inches and centimeters,) and nonstandard units of measurement (e.g., string and paper clips). Use appropriate measurement systems for different purposes. First Second Measure a change using appropriate tools and units of measurement. Objects can be used to compare other objects. Quantitative estimates of familiar lengths, weights, and time intervals can be confirmed by measurement. Measurement is a way of detecting change. Time is the measurement of years divided into seconds, minutes, hours, days, weeks, months, decades, centuries. Linear measurement is the distance between two points. Volume is the measurement of space an object occupies. Area measures the surface of an object. A standard unit of measurement helps communication. Standard units include: time seconds, minutes, hours, days, weeks, months, years, decades, centuries. volume ml, l, cup, pint, quart, gallon mass g, kg, pounds, ounces, tons linear cm, m, km, inch, foot, yard, mile temperature degrees Celsius and Fahrenheit Rate is based on time When the thermometer goes up the temperature is hotter. Measurement helps in making better observations. Rulers are used to measure linear measurement. Scales measure mass and weight. Measuring cups measure volume Measurements can be compared. Measurement is used in everyday life (recipes, plans, designing, building) Third All measurement is relative to a unit, usually a standard unit. Measurement helps in making more accurate observation Measurement is a way of detecting change. Measurement helps in making better observations. A standard unit of measurement helps communication. Quantitative estimates of familiar lengths, weights, and time intervals can be confirmed by measurement. Linear measurement is the distance between two points. Common sandard units of linear measurement include: cm, m, km, inch, foot, yard, mile. Rulers are used to measure linear measurement. Time is the measurement of years divided into seconds, minutes, hours, days, weeks, months, decades, centuries. Common standard units of time include: seconds, minutes, hours, days, weeks, months, years, decades, centuries. Volume is the measurement of space an object occupies. Common standard units of volume include: ml, l, cup, pint, quart, gallon. Measuring cups measure volume Volume can be calculated from linear measurements. Volume can be calculated from area and linear measurements. Area measures the surface of an object. Common standard units of area are square cm, m, km, ft. yds. miles Mass is the measure of how much matter is in a particular object or particular space. Common standard units of mass include: g, kg, pounds, ounces, tons. Scales measure mass and weight. When the thermometer goes up the temperature is hotter. Temperature is the measure of how hot or cold an object is. Common standar units of temperature are degrees Celsius and Fahrenheit Rate is based on time Fourth Fifth Select and use appropriate measurement units. Apply English and metric systems of measurements. Measurements and computations can be checked by comparing them to typical values. Often the best way to tell what is happening during a change is to make a table or graph of measurements.

Dr. Robert Sweetland's Notes ©